As one of many world's most well liked cultural actions, wild animal collections were attracting viewers for 5,000 years. less than the path of Vernon N. Kisling, a professional in zoo background, a world workforce of authors has compiled the 1st complete, worldwide heritage of animal collections, menageries, zoos, and aquariums. Zoo and Aquarium historical past: old Animal Collections to Zoological Gardens files the continuum of efforts in preserving wild animal collections from historic civilizations via today.
Although ancient study on zoos and aquariums remains to be at a rudimentary level, this booklet pulls jointly neighborhood details besides the cultural elements of every area to supply a origin upon which extra learn should be established.
• It offers a chronological directory of the world's zoos and aquariums and lines many never-before released pictures.
• Sidebars current supplementary info on pertinent personalities, occasions, and natural world conservation matters.
• As an summary of the present kingdom of our wisdom, Zoo and Aquarium heritage: old Animal Collections to Zoological Gardens offers an intensive, chronological creation to the topic and highlights the broadcast and archival assets in the event you need to know extra.
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Extra info for Zoo and Aquarium History: Ancient Animal Collections To Zoological
Both native and exotic wild animals could be found in villa gardens, ponds, bird enclosures, cages, large parks, and hunting reserves. The largest of these collections belonged to the emperors, and these collections grew as Roman imperialism spread throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia. Imperial expansions brought the Romans into contact with new species of exotic wildlife and with existing foreign collections. C. D. 65 Public entertainment included itinerant acts with performing animals, but the greatest interest was in the more exciting processionals and public games that emperors, provincial administrations, and sometimes wealthy citizens provided.
For these privileged classes, the urbanized lifestyle provided a relatively stable social environment conducive to long-term endeavors such as collecting. These wealthy individuals were able to accumulate large tracts of land, not all of which had to be developed for economic reasons and could, therefore, be set aside as animal parks for their pleasure. Expansion of foreign trade increased exposure of these wealthy individuals to exotic lands and the wildlife from these lands. Wealth to buy what they wanted, leisure time to do what they wanted, the availability of luxury items, and heightened aesthetic sensibilities provided the newly emerging upper class with the opportunity to plant gardens, build reserves and parks, and collect animals.
The Chinese viewed animals and landscapes they did not control as menacing and alien, as much, if not more so, than did the Mesopotamians or Egyptians. These attitudes moderated in later dynasties but never completely subsided. Intellectual interest in the natural sciences was minimal except for plants, animals, and minerals used for medicinal purposes. Nevertheless, wild animals, especially exotic species, held the interest of rulers and the wealthy class, as they did in other ancient societies.